If we cultivate outdoors there may be many factors that are beyond our control, but we must take into account others that we can influence. Aspects such as choosing the location of the plantation to guarantee many hours of sunlight, the preparation of a perfect substrate or the selection of the most suitable cannabis varieties, are up to us. If we want to increase the production of our marijuana plants, we will have to take care of these factors and meticulously follow the processes.
Although it is not usually the most common in countries where there are great differences between the seasons, there are many other places on the planet where it is common for cannabis growers to bet on cultivation outdoors. It is feasible in corners where there is an adequate and stable climate throughout the year. and where excessively abrupt changes do not usually take place that could jeopardize the harvest.
Although there are many who tend to think that in an ‘indoor’ crop the chances of success are greater, since we can act on every small change in humidity or temperature, contrary to what may seem in an outdoor environment We can have controlled and influence many factors, so that our plants achieve extraordinary yields.
The most important premises: the selection of the most appropriate varieties for our area, the climate of our region, the characteristics of the substrate (either in the ground or in pots) and the ideal time of year in which to carry out each of the cannabis development processes. So we are going to go over all these details, in order to obtain the best possible result.
Choosing the right varieties
As many experienced growers know, not everything is worth planting cannabis. And the first step is essential. Hence, we have to pay special attention to the selection of the varieties that will grow. This decision will influence, for example, the climate in which our crop will be developed. which will be essential to choose some seeds or others.
For example, if we know that the rains will arrive at different times of the year, such as in early autumn, we will have to cultivate those genetics that allow us to harvest before the downpours arrive. For this, there are varieties that allow certain processes to be carried out in order to avoid the problems that the arrival of the rains entails, such as fungi that can give us the odd headache. In case we live in a region where the rains are abundant throughout the year, then we will have to bet on those genetics that best resist humidity.
The climatic context and sunlight
As we have already pointed out, the climate is the key factor when determining the genetics that we are going to cultivate. But not only based on the chances that it will rain or not, but also depending on the hours of sunlight that our plants can have. It is known to all that without the light of the king star most plants cannot live, so for our strains to grow healthy and strong we will have to guarantee them the sun for as long as possible.
This is influenced by the fact that we choose to grow in pots or directly in the ground. If we bet on this last option we will have to be fully successful when choosing a place where the sunlight impacts for how many more hours the better, because contrary to what happens with the pots we will not be able to move our plants in search of better luminosity.
In addition, we must always bear in mind that a sunny place reduces the risk of humidity in the event of occasional rains. And if when choosing the location of our plants we find a place where the wind blows lightly. without too much violence since it could break the branches of our plants, we will guarantee the strains better ventilation and they will give us a much more abundant harvest.
The substrate: a perfect mix
Whether in a pot or directly on the ground, if we do not have the best substrate for our cannabis plants to grow. we may encounter certain problems at one stage or another of the cultivation. In case we cultivate directly in the soil. we will have to know its characteristics well. If the soil is too clayey, very compact and is not permeable, it will happen that the roots will end up compressing and we will have problems with the root system. Therefore, if the base is not spongy enough, we will have to figure out how to make it so and the roots can grow faster.
The most suitable substrate composition for these cases is a mixture of different mobs (incorporating black, garden and blonde), along with perlite, coconut fiber and earthworm humus. However, there are many variations when creating the substrate, as we can resort to certain fertilizers or additives, as long as this ensures that the plants do not have any kind of need from the first moment of their growth.